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When we hear the word "bee" we always think of a specific species: the honeybee. The bee that makes honey, has yellow and black stripes and lives socially in a hive with a queen, drones and thousands of workers. 

However, there are over 20,000 species of bees around the world and 1150 of these species are found in Greece.


Today's environmental challenges pose a threat not only to the bees and other wild pollinators, but also create stressors for our food security, the economy, the stability of ecosystems and possibly all life on planet Earth.

Insecticides are one of the most immediate dangers for pollinators. As their name suggests, they are chemical products made to kill insects, and are widely used, especially in crops. However, these insecticides created to kill parasites are also harmful to a number of beneficial insects such as bees and many other wild pollinators 

Extensive exploitation of land by human activity is detrimental to bees and other pollinators as habitats that were once suitable for nesting or finding food are now lost or degraded.

Cities, road networks, agricultural and industrial areas emerged where there were previously wild, natural areas. Limiting the habitats of wild bees and other pollinators results to  compromises on the stability of the ecosystem.

Many of the expected effects of climate change, such as rising temperatures, changes in rainfall levels and other extreme weather events, have started and will even more in the future affect pollinator populations, leading some species to higher mortality rates and even extinction.

One of the most important factors in reducing the population of bees and other pollinators is the lack of food, especially in urban and agricultural areas. Available food sources are increasingly restricted due to urbanization, reduced free, wild land. At the same time, intensive cultivation areas do not provide sufficient resources and the necessary nutritional variety for bees that need nectar and pollen from Spring to Autumn. Wild habitats have similar shortcomings due to climate change.



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